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Scale table of the most common scales in model building, for slot cars, miniature railways and dioramas

Guido Sommerkamp |

There are a variety of model building scales suitable for different areas and applications. Below are some of the most common scales and their areas of application:

Scale 1:87 (H0):

This scale is one of the most commonly used model building scales for model railways. An H0 scale model railway has a track width of 16.5 mm and is therefore about half the size of a 0 scale model railway. H0 scale models are also popular in other areas of model building, such as the construction of dioramas or building models.

Scale 1:72:

This scale is often used for building aircraft and military models. A 1:72 scale model is approximately 72 times smaller than the original and allows a larger number of models to be presented in a limited area.

Scale 1:64:

The 1:64 scale is most commonly used in the field of toy models, particularly collector models of cars, trucks and other vehicles. These models are often referred to as "Hot Wheels" or "Matchbox" and are very popular with collectors around the world. In addition, the 1:64 scale is also used in architecture to create models of buildings and cities. This scale allows architects and designers to create detailed models that are still manageable in size. In the model railway world, the 1:64 scale is also referred to as "S-gauge" and is one of the larger model railway scales. However, this scale is not as common among model railroaders as other scales such as H0 or N. In summary, the 1:64 scale is primarily used in the areas of toy models and architecture, but is also represented in the model railroad world.

Scale 1:56:

In the context of tabletop gaming, 1:56 scale typically refers to the scale of miniatures used in the hobby. A 1:56 scale miniature is 56 times smaller than the actual size of the figure depicted. This means that a miniature of a 1.80 meter tall soldier at 1:56 scale would only be around 32 millimeters tall.
The 1:56 scale is often used in tabletop games such as Warhammer 40,000 and Bolt Action. The choice of scale depends on various factors, including the size of the playing field, the size of the miniatures, and the level of detail players desire. A smaller scale usually allows for a larger number of miniatures on the field, while a larger scale allows for more detailed miniatures and a more realistic look.

Scale 1:48:

This scale is often used for military aircraft and vehicle models. A 1:48 scale model is approximately 48 times smaller than the original and provides enough detail to make it realistic and detailed. The 1:43 scale is most commonly used in the field of collector model cars. Many models of cars, trucks, buses and other vehicles are manufactured and collected in this scale. This scale is very popular with collectors due to its size, which allows a significant amount of detail and accuracy to be incorporated into the model while still remaining easily manageable. The 1:43 scale is also common on some model railways and model kits.

Scale 1:32:

This scale is often used for building models of historic aircraft and cars. A 1:32 scale model is approximately twice the size of a 1:48 scale model and offers enough space for detailed replicas of the cockpit and engine.

Scale 1:35:

This scale is often used for military models such as tanks, trucks and soldier figures. The larger size of the model allows for greater detail, particularly when replicating vehicles and military equipment.

Scale 1:24 and 1:25:

These scales are often used for building car models. A 1:24 or 1:25 scale model is approximately twice the size of a 1:43 scale model and provides enough space for detailed replicas of the interior and engine.

Scale 1:18:

This scale is often used for high-quality collector models of automobiles and motorcycles. A 1:18 scale model is about 18 times smaller than the original and offers enough space for many details.
There are many other model building scales used for specific applications, but the ones mentioned above are some of the most common. It is important to choose the correct scale for the desired project in order to achieve a realistic representation of the original.

the common model building scales

Designation in model making
Calculated figure size in mm at 180 cm for my miniatures in the shop on Individual-3D
Scale 1:24*
Scale 1:32*
Track 1
Scale 1:35
Scale 1:43*
Scale 1:48
Track 0
Scale 1:56*
Tabletop / 28mm eye level
Scale 1:64*
Track S
Scale 1:72
Scale 1:87
H0 track
Scale 1:120
track TT
Scale 1:144
Scale 1:160
Track N
Scale 1:220
Track Z
Scale 1:350
Scale 1:700
* = Standard sizes in the shop (other miniature sizes possible on request)

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